By Amira Hass and Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondents, and The Associated Press
The director general of the Foreign Ministry, Yossi Gal, on Thursday summoned the Norwegian ambassador to Israel, Jakken BjÃ¸rn Lian, to protest Norwayâ€™s decision to pull all of its investments from the Israeli arms firm Elbit.
Following the meeting, the Foreign Ministry relayed that, â€œIsrael will consider further steps of protest in the future.â€
Norwayâ€™s finance minister, Kristin Halvorsen, announced at a press conference in Oslo earlier in the day that the divestment was due to Elbitâ€™s involvement in the construction of the West Bank separation fence.
According to a political source in Jerusalem, the Foreign Ministry had planned to issue a harsh statement of condemnation immediately after the announcement, but following the meeting with Lian the ministry decided to tone it down.
The explanations for the divestment provided by the Norwegian envoy at the meeting were apparently the reason for the ministryâ€™s moderation of its response.
At the press conference, Halvorsen said the decision was based on the recommendation of Norwayâ€™s Ministry of Finance council on ethics, whose role is to ensure that government investments abroad meet ethical guidelines.
â€œWe do not wish to fund companies that so directly contribute to violations of international humanitarian law,â€ said the minister. She said the shares were sold secretly ahead of the announcement.
Elbit manufactures a monitoring system installed on several parts of the separation fence.
The recommendation submitted by the Ministry of Finance council on ethics stated that it considered â€œthe fundâ€™s investment in Elbit to constitute an unacceptable risk of complicity in serious violations of fundamental ethical norms.â€
The council is thus referring to a 2004 International Court of Justice ruling, stating that the separation fence represented a breach of international law.
Israel erected the fence following a wave of Palestinian terror attacks at the height of the second intifada; it says the barrier is a necessary measure to stop Palestinian suicide bombers and protect settlers. The Palestinians oppose the fenceâ€™s route, saying it is designed to grab land they want for a future state.
Palestinian as well as Israeli anti-occupation groups, aided by Norwegian leftists, have all protested extensively against Norwegian involvement in companies involved in West Bank development and construction over last two years, which have seen an increase in Norwayâ€™s investment in Israeli firms.
Norwayâ€™s pension fund is invested in 41 different Israeli companies.
A research project by the Coalition of Women for Peace called â€œWho profits from the occupationâ€ found that almost two thirds of those firms are involved in West Bank construction and development.