Amany Jamal On Demoracy in the Arab East
By Geoffrey Cook, Muslim Media News Service (MMNS)
Berkeley–A little over ten months ago, Amany Jamal came to talk to a small group on his work in progress, The Crisis of Political Legitimacy in the Arab World.
It has too often been assumed that the Arab nations do not wish democracy. This is not true, but the majority of the regions monarchies and republicsâ€™ pre-eminent dominant authorities are distrustful of democratic reforms. The social restructuring towards democratization has not arisen to the same extend as in the second World as yet, and there is a great deal difference to the degree and the liberality that the Arab world desires their democratic forms, and as your author has emphasized before the democracy that develops in any country has to take into account of its traditions, history and the constituencies of the larger geographical zone et al. The error that the Bush and the Neo-Conservatives made in dealing with the Middle East was to shove down the Jeffersonian tradition in the Near and Middle East and other Islamic zones with the democratic values that had evolved in North America!
A Capitalist economy is not conducive to all types of democracy! The State should make its own decisions on its own allocations, and not the individual citizens or corporate entities. Exiting theories to social inequality are emphatically universal. There are pronounced amoralities within almost every Arab State â€“ except Kuwait. In most of the topography under study, restrictive legislation is applied toward propping up authoritative regimes.
â€œIf (a) society is equipped for [democratic] change, it will do so [i.e., change],â€ further, â€œâ€¦States [do] not necessarily [promote their] societyâ€™s preferences.â€ Her hypothesis is that â€œâ€¦the elites are worried over jeopardizing their client status with the United States.â€ These privileged rules are more likely to oppose democracy.
The more an Arab country lacks development, the more dependent it is upon Washington. The Arab nations have less bi-lateral ties than they do with the U.S.A.! Thus, North America has a strong military presence there. The Arabs, though, are only subordinate partners within the American Empire.
Today, small Kuwait holds 10 percent of the known world oil reserves, but has one of the highest per capita percentages of militants within the Middle East. The residents in all of the nations are well aware of it potential political weaknesses within the structures of their individual states. If the Islamists would come to power, they would not necessarily sever ties with the D.C., but there are places where â€œAnti-American forces are of a concern â€“ such as Jordanâ€ where the Islamists could weaken the Monarchy. Jordan is considered the most stable realm in the Middle East because of American buttressing.
There still remains a fear among the Iranians that, if the U.S. deserts Baghdad too fast, Tehran will have to cope with a security risk there again.
Amany Jamal finished her remarks of last fall, â€œâ€¦Anti-Americanism has stifled democratizationâ€ throughout the neighborhood; therefore, â€œâ€¦The route [towards] democratization lies in addressing theâ€¦increase of Anti-Americanismâ€¦â€ within the locale.