The first day of Ramadan will be Friday, July 20, 2012 and Eid al-Fitr on Sunday, August 19, 2012,Â inshaAllah.
â€œO you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.â€ Qurâ€™an 2:183
The Fiqh Council of North America recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Sharâ€™i method for determining the beginning of Lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal.Â Â FCNA uses Makkah al-Mukarrama as a conventional point and takes the position that the conjunction must take place before sunset in Makkah and moon must set after sunset in Makkah.
On the basis of this method the dates of Ramadan and Eidul Fitr for the year 1433 AH are established as follows:
1st of Ramadan will be on Friday, July 20, 2012
1st of Shawwal will be on Sunday, August 19, 2012
Ramadan 1433 AH: The Astronomical New Moon is on July 19, 2011 (Thursday) at 4:24 Universal Time (7:24 a.m. Makkah time). Sunset at Makkah on July 19 is at 7:05 p.m., while moonset is at 7:11 p.m.Â Moon is born before sunset in Makkah and moonset is after sunset.Â Therefore first day of Ramadan is Friday, July 20, inshaâ€™Allah. First Tarawih prayer will be on Thursday night.
Eid ul-Fitr 1433 AH:Â The Astronomical New Moon is on August 17, 2011 (Friday) at 15:54 Universal Time (6:54 p.m.Â Makkah time). On Friday, August 17, sunset at Makkah is 6:49 p.m. and moonset is 6:30 p.m.Â Moon is born after sunset in Makkah and moon sets before sunset.Â On Saturday, August 18 , sunset at Makkah is 6:49 p.m. and moonset is at 7:11 p.m.Â Moon is born
24 hours before sunset, while moonset is after sunset. Therefore, first day of Shawwal, i.e., Eid ul-Fitr is Sunday, August 19, inshaâ€™Allah.
May Allah (swt) keep us on the right path, and accept our fasting and prayers. Ameen.Â For more detailed information, please visit: www.fiqhcouncil.org or www.moonsighting.com
Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi; Chairman, Fiqh Council of North America Chairman, Islamic Shura Council of Southern California Islamic Shura Council of Southern California The Islamic Shura Council is an umbrella organization of Mosques & Muslim organizations serving the Muslims of Southern California. Since 1995, the Council continues to foster the spirit and culture of â€œworking togetherâ€ at all levels in one of the most diverse and largest Muslim populations in the country.