First day of Ramadan will be Wednesday, August 11, 2010 and Eid al-Fitr will be on Friday, September 10, 2010, inshaâ€™Allah. â€œO you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.â€ Qurâ€™an 2: 183
The Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) and the European Council for Fatwa and Research (ECFR) recognize astronomical calculation as an acceptable Sharâ€™i method for determining the beginning of lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA & ECFR use Makkah al-Mukarramah as a conventional point, and take the position that the conjunction must take place before sunset in Makkah and the moon must set after sunset in Makkah.
On the basis of this method the dates of Ramadan and Eid ul-Fitr for the year 1431 AH are established as follows:
1st of Ramadan will be on Wednesday, August 11, 2010
1st of Shawwal which marks the start of Eid ul-Fitr – will be on Friday, September 10, 2010
Ramadan 1431 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on August 10, 2010 (Tuesday) at 11:08 am Makkah Time. Sunset in Makkah on August 10 is at 6:55 pm. On that day, the Topocentric Altitude of the moon in Makkah at sunset is 1.6 degrees. Therefore, the first day of Ramadan is on August 11, 2010 (Wednesday), making the first Tarawih prayer will be on the night of Tuesday August 10, 2010.
Eid ul-Fitr 1431 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on September 8, 2010 (Wednesday) at 6:30 pm Makkah Time. Sunset in Makkah on September 8 is at 6:31 pm. On that day, the moon in Makkah at sunset is below the horizon. Therefore, the first day of Shawwal, which marks the start of Eid ul-Fitr is on Friday, September 10, 2010, inshaâ€™Allah.
May Allah (swt) keep us on the right path, and accept our fasting and prayers. Ameen. For more detailed information, please visit: www.fiqhcouncil.org or www.moonsighting.com
Dr. Maher Hathout, Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi
Chairman â€“ Islamic Shura Council Chairman, Fiqh Council of North America; 2115 W. Crescent Ave., Suite 261, Anaheim, CA 92801. Tel: 714.239.6473 â€“ Fax: 714.239.6493 â€“ Email: email@example.com. URL: www.shuracouncil.org