By Dr. Muzzammil Siddiqi
The first day of Ramadan will be Monday, August 1, 2011 and Eid al-Fitr on Tuesday, August 30, 2011, inshaAllah.
â€œO you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.â€ Qurâ€™an 2:183
The Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Sharâ€™i method for determining the beginning of Lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA uses Makkah al-Mukarram as a conventional point and takes the position that the conjunction must take place before sunset in Makkah and moon must set after sunset in Makkah.
On the basis of this method the dates of Ramadan and Eidul Fitr for the year 1432 AH are established as follows:
1st of Ramadan will be on Monday, August 1, 2011
1st of Shawwal will be on Tuesday, August 30, 2011
Ramadan 1432 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on July 30, 2011 (Saturday) at 18:40 Universal Time (9:40 pm Makkah time). Sunset at Makkah on July 30 is at 7:01 pm local time, while moonset at Makkah is 6:41pm local time (20 minute before sunset). Therefore the following day Sunday, July 31, 2011 is not the 1st day of Ramadan. First day of Ramadan is Monday, August 1, inshaâ€™Allah. First Tarawih prayer will be on Sunday, July 31, 2011.
Eid ul-Fitr 1432 AH:
The Astronomical New Moon is on August 29, 2011 (Monday) at 3:04 Universal Time (6:04 am Makkah time). On Monday, August 29, sunset at Makkah is 6:40 p.m. local time, while moonset is at 6:44 pm local time. Therefore, first day of Shawwal, i.e., Eid ul-Fitr is Tuesday, August 30, inshaâ€™Allah.
May Allah (swt) keep us on the right path and accept our fasting and prayers, Ameen. For more detailed information, please visit: www.fiqhcouncil.org orwww.moonsighting.com.
Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi
Fiqh Council of North America