By Gerry Shih
SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) – YouTube, the video website owned by Google Inc, said on Wednesday it would not remove a film clip mocking the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (s) that has been blamed for anti-U.S. protests in Egypt and Libya, but it has blocked access to it in those countries.
The clip, based on a longer film, depicts the prophet as a fraud and philanderer and has been blamed for sparking violence at U.S. embassies in Cairo and Benghazi. The U.S. Ambassador to Libya, J. Christopher Stevens, and three other American diplomats were killed in an attack on the U.S. embassy in Benghazi on Tuesday.
â€œThis video – which is widely available on the Web – is clearly within our guidelines and so will stay on YouTube,â€ Google said in a statement. â€œHowever, given the very difficult situation in Libya and Egypt, we have temporarily restricted access in both countries. Our hearts are with the families of the people murdered in yesterdayâ€™s attack in Libya.â€
The 14-minute clip is a trailer for a film called the â€œInnocence of Muslims,â€ produced by a man who described himself as a California-based Israeli Jew named Sam Bacile.
Google has generally adopted a hands-off approach to political speech, although its â€œcommunity guidelinesâ€ prohibit â€œhate speech,â€ including speech that attacks or demeans a group based on religion. The guidelines can be viewed at http://www.youtube.com/t/community_guidelines.
â€œWe work hard to create a community everyone can enjoy and which also enables people to express different opinions,â€ Google said in its statement. â€œThis can be a challenge because whatâ€™s OK in one country can be offensive elsewhere.â€
In the past, Google has selectively filtered videos that violate local laws.
On Wednesday, Afghanistanâ€™s general director of Information Technology at the Ministry of Communications, Aimal Marjan, told Reuters, â€œWe have been told to shut down YouTube to the Afghan public until the video is taken down.â€